Plant Lists for Lake Wissota Buffer Zones

 
 

 

I.  Plants for naturalizing open woodland or woodland edges with partial sun to partial shade

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

 

 

Groundcover                           * esp. tolerant of dry, sandy soils

 

Wild ginger                             Asarum canadense                       spreads w. rhizomes

*Calico aster                           Aster lateriflorus                         fast growing groundcover

* Big leaf aster                        A. macrophyllus                           fast growing groundcover                   

*Wild columbine                     Aquilegia canadensis

 Purple Joe-Pye Weed            Eupatorium purpureum

*White snakeroot                   Eupatorium rugosum                    adapts to disturbed woods 

*Woodland strawberry           Fragaria virginiana

*Wild strawberry                    F. vesca

*Northern bedstraw                Galium boreale

Wild geranium                         Geranium maculatum

Woodland sunflower               Helianthus strumosus

Pale-leaved sunflower             H. divarcatus

*Poverty oat grass                  Danthonia spicata  12”                  regenerates degraded soil

*Pennsylvania sedge               Carex pennsylvanica  6” clumps     forest restorations

*Bracken fern                         Pteridium aquilinium

 

Shrubs- Understory Trees

Mountain maple                       Acer spicatum                             6’-24’

Serviceberry

            Juneberry                     Amelanchier laevis                     25’-30’

            Roundleaf                     Amelanchier sanguinea             3’-15’ good for tough sites

            Running                        A. stolonifera                             2’-5’ low growing, spreading

            *Downy                        A. arborea                                10’-30’ good shade tolerance

Pagoda dogwood                      Cornus alternifolia                   20’-25’

Gray dogwood                          Cornus racemosa                     8’-12’ starchy berries for birds

American hazelnut                    Corylus americana                    6’-8’

*Dwarf bush honeysuckle        Diervilla lonicera                       2’-3’ forest restoration

*Red-berried elderberry            Sambucus pubens                    4”-8” very tough

Snowberry                                 Symphoricarpos elba              3”-4”

 

Trees

White spruce                             Picea glauca

*White pine                              Pinus strobus

Red (Norway) pine                   P. resinosa

White oak                                  Quercus alba

Northern red oak                       Q. borealis                                 long lived, dry and moist soil

*Northern pin oak                     Q. ellipsoidalis           
 
 


 

II. Plants to replace turf grass in dry, sunny areas

                         (Plants are adaptive from riprap throughout buffer)

 

Groundcover

Pearly everlasting                   Anaphalis margaritacea          attracts butterflies

Butterfly weed                       Asclepias tuberose                   host plant for Monarchs

Heath aster                            Aster ericoides

Smooth blue aster                  Aster laevis

Sand coreopsis                      Coreopsis lanceolata               reseeds prolifically

Purple prairie clover               Dalea purpurea

Rattlesnake master                 Eryngium yuccafolium

Prairie smoke                         Geum triflorum

Western sunflower                 Helianthus occidentalis                            

Rough blazing star                   Liatris aspera

Wild lupine                              Lupinus perennis

Bergamot                                Monarda  fistulosa

Large flowered beard-tongue    Penstemon grandiflorus

Yellow coneflower                   Ratibida pinnata

Prairie coneflower                    R. columnifera

Showy goldenrod                     Solidago speciosa

Stiff goldenrod                         S. rigida

Ohio spiderwort                      Transcantia ohioensis

Hoary vervain                         Verbena stricta

Big bluestem                           Andropogon gerardii

Side-oats grama                     Bouteloua curtipendula

Little bluestem                        Schizachyrium scoparium

Prairie dropseed                     Sporobolus heterolepsis

 

Shrubs and small trees

*Green Alder                          Alnus crispa                              6’-24’

Roundleaf Juneberry               Amelancher sanguinea              3’-15’

Red-Osier dogwood               Cornus stolonifera                    10-12’  mesic soils

Creeping juniper                      J. horizontalis                          ‘Bar Harbor’ spreads 10’ wide

Ninebark                                  Physocarpus opulifolius          6’-9’   ‘Diablo’ deer resistant

Dwarf sandcherry                    Prunus pumila                          1’-3’

Fragrant sumac                        Rhus aromatica                       ‘Gro-low’  1’-2’  spreads 10’

Staghorn sumac                       Rhus  typhina                           ‘8-30’

 

Trees

 
*White and Red pine                 Pinus strobus and P. resinosa

White oak                                  Quercus alba

Northern red oak                       Q. borealis                               long lived, dry and moist soil
*Northern pin oak                     Q. ellipsoidalis          
 


 
 

III. Plants for buffer zones with medium to moist soil conditions in sun to partial sun

 

Groundcover

Giant Hyssop                           Agastache scrophulariaefolia       good butterfly plant

Swamp milkweed                    Asclepias incarnate                       butterflies

New England aster                   Aster novae-angliae

Turtlehead                                Chelone glabra

Spotted Joe-pye weed              Eupatorium maculatum

Boneset                                    Eupatorium perfoliatum

Autumn sneezeweed                Helenium autumnale                     (Won’t make you sneeze)

Northern blue flag                    Iris versicolor

Great blazing star                     Liatris pychnostachya

Cardinal flower                        Lobelia cardinalis

Mountain mint                          Pycnanthemum virginianum

Sweet Black-eyed Susan          Rudbeckia subtomentosa

Brown eyed Susan                    R. triloba

Blue vervain                             Verbena hastata   

 

Fringed brome                           Bromus ciliatus

Fox sedge                                  Carex vulpinoidea

Switch grass                              Panicum virgatum

 

Shrubs, small trees

Black chokeberry                      Aronia melanocarpa              4’-6’

Silky dogwood                          Cornus ammomum                 to 8’

Red-Osier dogwood                  C. stolonifera                         to 6’

American hazelnut                     Corylus americana                  6’-8’

Winterberry holly                      Ilex verticulata                        to 6’

Wild raisin                                 Vibernum cassoides               2’-8’ good lake edge shrub

Arrowwood vibernum               V. dentatum                           10’-12’

Nannyberry                              V. lentago                               10’-15’

Highbush cranberry                   V. trilobium                            10’-12’

 

Trees

 

Balsam fir                                   Abies balsamifera

River birch                                  Betula nigra

Eastern White Pine                      Pinus strobus

Wild black cherry                       Prunus serotina

American mountain ash               Sorbus americana                15’-30’

Showy mountain ash                   S. decora                              15’-40’ more shade-tolerant

Basswood                                  Tilia americana
 


 

Plant Outlets

Dragonfly Gardens  Amery, WI   www.dragonflygardens.net
Down to Earth Garden Center   Cadott, WI   www.dwntoearth.com
Robert Wiltrout Nursery    Chippewa Falls, WI   www.wiltroutnursery.com     
Circle M Nursery    Chippewa Falls, WI
Hanson’s Garden Village   Rhinelander, WI   www.hansonsgardenvillage.com
 

 Helpful Sources 

Blue Thumb        www.BlueThumb.org
Landscaping for Wildlife and Water Quality, Minnesota Department of
           Resources, Minnesota’s Bookstore 1-800-657-2757